Human Science Research Studies

The purpose of this site is to list human science research studies (articles, chapters, books, monographs), research that is within the phenomenological and hermeneutical / interpretive traditions, broadly defined. This research is based on verbal or descriptive data (e.g., descriptions, interviews, and observations), and involves qualitative analysis or reflections on the data, analysis which aims to be faithful to the experiences or phenomena under investigation. Studies are listed alphabetically under the heading listed below. You can use your browser's text search facility (Ctrl F) to look for a word in a title, or for a proper name in a citation.

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At this point we do not list theoretical material, or material on how to do research. We would encourage others to start such sites, and of course we would be happy to provide links to them. 

Although some of the material here could be found using a standard search engine or PsychInfo, some of it would not show up readily with a standard search. In addition, this listing is interdisciplinary in that it draws from psychology, sociology, nursing /caring science, education, and other fields, and, of course, it is international in scope.

You might also wish to visit the International Human Science Research Newsletter, the Simon Silverman Phenomenology Center, the Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology, the Network for Research on Experiential Psychotherapies, and Phenomenonology Online.

If you know of a study we have missed, please send the complete reference information (APA format) to

Study Headings


1. Cognitive Processes: Thinking, perception, memory

2. Cultural and Social Phenomena

3. Developmental—Adult

4. Developmental—Child

5. Disabilities

6. Embodiment

7. Emotions

8. Forgiveness and Reconciliation

9. Gender issues/sexuality

10. Grief and mourning

11. Illness

12. Interpersonal Phenomena

13. Psychiatric/psychological disturbances

14. Psychotherapy and healing

15. Personal Experiences

16. Spirituality and religion



1. Cognitive Processes: Thinking, perception, memory

Aanstoos, C. (1983) A phenomenological study of thinking. In A. Giorgi, A. Barton & C. Maes (Eds.). Duquesne studies in phenomenological psychology, Vol. IV, (pp. 244-256). Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.

Aanstoos, C. (1985). The structure of thinking in chess. In A. Giorgi (Ed.) Phenomenology and psychological research. (pp.86-118). Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.

Colaizzi, P. F. (1973). Reflection and research in psychology: A phenomenological study of learning. Dubuque, IA. Kendall Hunt.

Colaizzi, P.F. (1978) Learning and existence. R. Valle & M. King (Eds.) (1978). Existential-phenomenological alternatives for psychology, (pp. 119-135). New York: Oxford University Press.

Giorgi, A. (1975). An application of phenomenological method in psychology. In A. Giorgi, C. Fischer and E. Murray (Eds.). Duquesne studies in phenomenological psychology, Vol. II (pp. 82-103). Duquesne University Press.

Giorgi, A. (1985). The phenomenological psychology of learning and the verbal learning tradition. In A. Giorgi (Ed.) Phenomenology and psychological research. (pp.23-85). Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.

Giorgi, A. (1989). Learning and memory from the perspective of phenomenological psychology. In: R.S. Valle & S. Halling (Eds.) (1989). Existential-phenomenological perspectives in psychology, (pp. 99-112). New York: Plenum.

Wertz, F.J. (1989). Approaches to perception in phenomenological psychology: The alienation and recovery of perception in modern culture. In: R.S. Valle & S. Halling (Eds.) (1989). Existential-phenomenological perspectives in psychology (pp. 83-89). New York: Plenum.

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2. Cultural and Social Phenomena

Addison, R. B. (1989). Grounded interpretive research: An investigation of physician socialization. In M. J. Packer & R. B. Addison (Eds.). Entering the circle: hermeneutic investigation in psychology (pp.39-58). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Gerber, L. (1983) Married to their careers: Career and family dilemmas in doctors’ lives: Tavistock, N.Y.

Mojtabei, A.G. (1986) Blessed assurance: At home with the bomb in Amarillo, Texas. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Rubin, L. (1977) Worlds of pain: Life in the working class family. New York: Boske.

Wronka, J. M. (1993). "Science" and indigenous culture. Humanistic Psychologist. 21 (3), 341-353.

Wu, Z. (1991). The lived experience of being a foreigner. Phenomenology and Pedagogy. 9, 267-275.

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3. Developmental—Adult

Adams-Price, C. E., Henley, T. B., & Hale, M. (1998). Phenomenology and the meaning of aging for young and old adults. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 47(4), 263-277.

Alapack, R. (1975). The outlaw relationship: An existential-phenomenological reflection upon transition from adolescence to adulthood." In A. Giorgi, C. Fischer, & E. Murray (Eds.). Duquesne studies in phenomenological psychology, Vol. II, (pp. 182-205). Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.

Alapack, M. & Alapack, R. (1984) The hinge of the door of authentic adulthood." Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 15(1). 45-60.

Banister, E.M. (1999). Evolving reflexivity: negotiating meaning of women=s midlife experience. Qualitative Inquiry, 5 (5), 3-23.

Berg, M. & Dahlberg, K. (1998. A phenomenological study of women=s experience of complicated childbirth. Midwifery, 14 (1), 23-29.

Berman, H. J. (1994). Interpreting the aging self. New York: Springer.

Bors, D. (1983). Experiencing oneself or another person as old. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 14 (1), 91-104.

Brent, J. S. (1998). A time sensitive existential method for assisting adults in transition. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 38 (4), 7-24.

Dalla, R. L. (2002) Night moves: A qualitative investigation of street-level sex work. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 26, 63-73.

Keller, M. L., Leventhal, E. A., & Larson, B. (1989). Aging: The lived experience. International Journal of Aging and Human Development. 29 (1), 67-82.

Lundgren, I. & Dahlberg, K. (1998). Women=s experience of pain during childbirth. Midwifery, 14(2), 105-110.

O'Connor, K. & Chamberlain, K. (1996). Dimensions of life meaning: A qualitative investigation of mid-life. British Journal of Psychology, 87 (3), 461-478.

Philibert, M. (1981). The phenomenological approach to images of aging. In C. LeFevre & P. LeFevre (Eds.). Aging and the human spirit (2nd ed.). (pp. 183-199). Chicago: Exploration Press.

Rosenberg, S. D. & Rosenberg, H. J. (1999). The midlife crisis revisited. In S. L. Willis & J. D. Reid (Eds.). Life in the middle (pp. 47-73). San Diego: Academic Press.

Rubin, L. (1981) Women of a certain age: The midlife search for self. New York: Harper and Row.

Willis, P. Smith, R. & Smith E. (Eds.). (2001) Being, seeking, telling: Expressive approaches to qualitative adult education research. Queensland, Australia: Flaxton.

Willis, P. (2002). Inviting Learning: An exhibition of risk and enrichment in adult education practice. Leicester, UK: NIACE.

Wolfe, D. O=Connor, D. & Crary. L.M. (1999). Transformations of life structure and personal paradigm during the midlife transition. Human Relations, 43 (10), 957-973.

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4. Developmental—Child

Benswanger, E. G. (1979). A contribution to the phenomenology of lived-space in early childhood. In A. Giorgi, R. Knowles, & D.L. Smith (Eds.).Duquesne studies in phenomenological psychology, Vol. III, (pp. 111-121). Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.

Briod, M. (1986). The young child's sense of time and the clock. Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 4 (1), 9-19.

Briod, M. (1989). A phenomenological approach to child development. R. Valle and S. Halling (Eds.) (1989). Existential-phenomenological perspectives in psychology, (pp. 115-126). New York: Plenum.

Briod, M. (1991). Reflecting on the future: Children and their mothers. Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 9, 301-311.

Coenen, H. (1986). Improvised contexts: Movement, perception and expression in deaf children's interaction. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 17(1), 1-31.

Coles, R. (1964-77) Children of crisis, Vols. 1-5, Boston, Atlantic Little/Brown.

Donneck, M. (1992). And a little child shall lead them. Phenomenology + Pedagogy,10, 38-52.

Fischer, C. T. & Alapack, R. J. (1987). A phenomenological approach to adolescence. In V. B. Hasselt & M. Herson (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 91-107). New York: Pergamon.

Hoffman, E. (1998). Peak experiences in childhood: An exploratory study. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 38(1), 109-120.

Langeveld, M. (1984) How does the Child Experience the World of Things? Phenomenology + Pedagogy. 2 (3), 215-223.

Langeveld, M. (1983) .The Stillness of the Secret Place. Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 1 (1) , 11-17.

Langeveld, M.(1983). The Secret Place in the Life of the Child. Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 1 (2) , 181-191.

Mollenhauer, K. (1991). Finger Play: A Pedagogical Reflection. Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 9, 286-300

Lippitz, W. (1986). Understanding children, communicating with children: Approaches to the child within us, before us, and with us. Phenomenology + Pedagogy. 4 (3), 56-65.

Margadent-van Arcken, M. (1990). Nature experiences of 8 to 12 year old children. Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 8, 86-94.

Meyer-Drawe, K. (1986). Kaleidoscope of experiences: The capability to be surprised by children. Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 4 (3), 48-55.

Polakow, V. (1986). On meaning making and stories: Young children's experiences of texts. Phenomenology + Pedagogy. 4 (3) 37-47.

Van Manen, M. & Levering, B. (1996), Childhoods secrets: Intimacy, privacy and the self reconsidered. New York: Teachers College Press.

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5. Disabilities

Aptekar, L. S. (1986). Using the phenomenological approach to explore integrating the handicapped into disabled society. Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 4 (2), 44-53.

Bleeker, H. & Mulderij, K. (1992). The experience of motor disability. Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 10, 1-18.

Carpenter, C. (1994). The experience of spinal cord injury: The individual's perspective--implications for rehabilitation. Physical Therapy, 74 (7), 614-629.

Hornby, G. (1994). Effects of children with disabilities on fathers: A review and analysis of the literature. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 41 (3), 171-184.

Peters, D. J. (1995). Human experience in disablement: The imperative of the ICIDH. Disability and Rehabilitation, 17 (3/4), 135-144.

Wilgosh, L. (1990). Issues in education and daily living for families of children with disabilities. The Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 46 (4), 299-309.

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6. Embodiment

Arnold, S. C. (19894). Transforming body image through women=s wilderness experience. In R. Cole, E. Erdman and E.D. Rothblum (Eds.). Wilderness therapy for women: The power of adventure (pp. 43-53). New York; Harrington Park.

Banister, E.M. (1999). Women=s midlife experience of their changing bodies. Qualitative Health Research, 9 (4), 520-537.

Murphy, M. A. & Fischer, C. T. (l983). Styles of living with low back injury: The continuity dimension. Social Sciences and Medicine, l7, 29l-297.

Van Manen, M. (1998). Modalities of body experience in illness and health. Qualitative Health Research, 8 (1), 7-25.

Wolszon, L. R. (1998). Women=s body image: Theory and research. American Behavioral Scientist 4 (4), 542-558.

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7. Emotions

Ablamowicz, H. (1992). Shame as an interpersonal dimension of communication among doctoral students: An empirical phenomenological study. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 23, 30-49.

Beck, B., Halling, S., McNabb, M., Miller, D., Rowe, J. O., & Schulz, J. (2003). Facing up to hopelessness: A dialogal phenomenological study. Journal of Religion and Health, 42 (4), 339-354.

Beck, B., Halling, S., McNabb, M., Miller, D., Rowe, J. O., & Schulz, J. (2005). On navigating despair: Stories from psychotherapists. Journal of Religion and Health., 44 (2), 187-206.

Brooke, R. (1985). Jung and the phenomenology of guilt. The Journal of Analytical Psychology, 30, 2, 165-184.

Brooke, R. (1986) . What is guilt? The Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 16, 2, 31-46.

Fischer, C.T. (1998). Being angry revealed as self-deceptive protest: An empirical phenomenological analysis. In R.S. Valle (Ed) (1998). Phenomenological inquiry in psychology: Existential and transpersonal dimensions. (pp. 111-122). New York: Plenum

Fischer, W.F. (1970) Theories of anxiety, New York, Harper and Row.

Fischer, W.F. (1989) An Empirical-Phenomenological investigation of being-anxious. In: R. S Valle and S. Halling (Eds.) (1989). Existential-phenomenological perspectives in psychology , (pp. 127-136). New York: Plenum.

Fischer, W.F. (1991). The psychology of anxiety: A phenomenological description. Humanistic Psychologist, 19 (3), 289-300.

Guglietti-Kelly, I. & Westcott, M. (1990). She is just shy: A phenomenological study of shyness. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 21(2), 150-164.

Stevick, E. L. (1971). An empirical investigation of the experience of anger. In A. Giorgi, W.F. Fischer, & R. von Eckartsberg (Eds.). Duquesne studies in phenomenological psychology: Vol. II. (pp. 132-138). Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.

Thomas, S. P. (2003). Men’s anger: A phenomenological exploration of its meaning in a middle class sample of American men. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 4 (2), 163-175.

Titelman, P. (1981). A phenomenological comparison between envy and jealousy. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology. 12 (2), 189-203.

Vallelonga, D. S. (1998). An empirical-phenomenological investigation of being-ashamed. In R.S. Valle (Ed) (1998). Phenomenological inquiry in psychology: Existential and transpersonal dimensions. (pp. 123-156) New York: Plenum.

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8. Forgiveness and Reconciliation

Bauer, L., Duffy, J., Fountain, E., Halling, S., Holzer, M., Jones, E., Leifer, M., and Rowe, J. O. (1992). Exploring self-forgiveness. Journal of Religion and Health. 31 (2), 149-160.

Baures, M. M. (1996). Letting go of bitterness and hate. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 36, (1), 75-91.

Ferch, S. R. (2000). Meanings of touch and forgiveness: A hermeneutical phenomenological inquiry. Counseling and Values, 44 (3), 155-173.

Fow, N. R. (1996). The phenomenology of forgiveness and reconciliation. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 27 (2), 219-233.

Ferch, S. R. (2000). Meanings of touch and forgiveness: A hermeneutical phenomenological inquiry. Counseling and Values, 44 (3), 155-173.

Halling, S. (1994). Shame and forgiveness. Humanistic Psychologist 22, 75-87.

Phillips, L. J. & Osborne, J. W. (1989). Cancer patients' experience of forgiveness therapy. Canadian Journal of Counselling/ Revue Canadienne de Counseling. 23 (3), 236-251.

Rowe, J., Halling, S., Davies, E., Leifer, M., Powers, D., & Van Bronkhorst, J. (1989). The psychology of forgiving another: A dialogal research approach. In: R.S. Valle and S. Halling, (Eds.), Existential-phenomenological perspectives in psychology. (pp. 233-244). New York: Plenum.

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9. Gender issues/sexuality

Belenky, M. F. et al. (1986). Women's ways of knowing. New York: Basic Books.

Liddle, B. J., Kunkel, M. A., Kick, S. L. & Hauenstein, A. L. (1998). The Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual psychology faculty experience: A concept map. Teaching of Psychology, 25 (1), 19-25.

Rubin, L. (1983). Intimate strangers: Men and women together. New York: Harper and Row.

Szekely, E. A. (1987). Women's anxious pursuit of attractive appearance. Phenomenology + Pedagogy., 5 (2), 108-118.

Warren, C. A. B. (1977). Fieldwork in the Gay World: Issues in phenomenological research. Journal of Social Issues, 33 (4), 93-107.

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10. Grief and mourning

Brice, C. W. (1989). The relational essence of maternal mourning: An existential-psychoanalytic perspective. Humanistic Psychology, 17 (1), 22-40.

Brice, C. W. (1991). Paradoxes of maternal mourning. Psychiatry, 54, 1-12.

Brice, C. W. (1991)). What forever means: An empirical existential-phenomenological investigation of maternal mourning. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 22, 16-38.

Clark, G. T. (1991). To the edge of existence: Living through grief. Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 9, 253-266.

Danforth, M. M. & Glass, C. J. (2001). Listen to my words, give meaning to my sorrow: A study in cognitive constructs in middle-age bereaved widows. Death Studies, 25, 513-529.

Smith, C. (1975). Bereavement: The contribution of phenomenological and existential analysis to a greater understanding of the problem. British Journal of Social Work, 5, 75-92.

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11. Illness

Charmaz, K. (1994). Identity dilemmas of chronically ill men. Sociological Quarterly, 35(2), 269-289.

Chessick, R. (1995). Psychosis after open-heart surgery: A phenomenological study. American Journal of Psychotherapy. 9 (2), 171-179.

Haberman, B. (1996). Day-to-day demands of Parkinson=s disease. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 8 (4), 397-413.

Jarman, M., Smith, J.A. & Walsh, S. (1997) A qualitative study of healthcare professionals' understandings of the treatment of anorexia nervosa. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology. 7, 137-52.

Jensen, L. & Allen, M. (1994). A synthesis of qualitative research on wellness-illness. Qualitative Health Research,4(4), 349-369.

Levy, S. M. (1981). The experience of undergoing a heart attack: The construction of a new reality. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology . 12 (2), 153-171.

Morse, J. M. & Johnson, J. L. (1991). The illness experience: Dimensions of suffering. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Rabbets, F. C. & Edwards, S. D. (2001). Needs experienced by persons with late stage AIDS. Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology, 1 (1), 9 pp.

Rush, M. S. (1996). Integrating chronic illness into ones life: A phenomenological inquiry. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 14 (3), 251-267.

Smith, J.A. (1991) Conceiving selves: A case study of changing identities during the transition to motherhood. Journal of Language and             Social Psychology, 10, 225-43.

Smith, J.A. (1999). Towards a relational self: Social engagement during pregnancy and psychological preparation for motherhood. British Journal of Social Psychology, 38, 409-426.

Todres, L., Fulbrook, P. & Albarran, J. (2000). On the receiving end: A hermenweutic-phenomenological analysis of a patient's struggle to cope while going through intensive care. Nursing in Critical Care, 5(6), 277-287.

Toombs, S. K. (1992). The meaning of illness: A phenomenological account of the different perspectives of physician and patient. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishing.

Van den Berg, J. H. (1980). The psychology of the sickbed. New York: Humanities Press.

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12. Interpersonal Phenomena

Becker, C. S. (1988). Unbroken ties: Lesbian ex-lovers on breaking up and beginning again. Los Angeles: Alyson Publications.

Becker, C. S. (1991). A phenomenology of friendship families. Humanistic Psychologist,19 (2), 170-185.

Gratton, C. (1982) Trusting, theory and practice. New York: Crossroads.

Halling, S. (1983) Seeing a significant other 'as if for the first time.' In A. Giorgi, A. Barton & C. Maes (Eds.). Duquesne Studies in phenomenological psychology, Vol. IV, (pp. 122-136). Duquesne University Press.

Halling, S. (1996). When the other falls from grace: The process of interpersonal disillusionment. Humanistic Psychologist 24 (2), 175-189.

Harris, S.R. (2001). Why can interactionism contribute to the study of inequality? The case of marriage and beyond. Symbolic Interaction, 24 (4), 455-480.

Von Eckartsberg, R. (1989). The social psychology of person perception and the experience of valued relationships. In: Valle and Halling, Existential-phenomenological perspectives in psychology. (pp. 137-156). New York: Plenum.

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13. Psychiatric/psychological disturbances

Beal, G. (1999). The constitution of community: How individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and their friends achieved community. Psychiatry, 62 (2), 173-186.

Corin, E. (1998). The thickness of being: Intentional worlds, strategies of identity and experience among schizophrenics. Psychiatry, 61 (2), 133-146.

Corin, E. & Lauzon, J. S. (1992). Positive withdrawal and the quest for meaning: The reconstruction of experience among schizophrenics. Psychiatry, 55, 226-278.

Corin, E. & Lauzon, J. S. (1994). From symptoms to phenomena: The articulation of experience in schizophrenia. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 25 (1), 3-50.

Davidson, L. (1992). Phenomenological research in schizophrenia: From philosophical anthropology to empirical science. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 25 (1), 104-130.

Davidson, L. (1992). Developing an empirical-phenomenological approach to schizophrenia research. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 23 (1), 3-15.

Davidson, L., Staynber, D.A., Lambert, S., Smith, P., & Sledge, W.H. (1997). Phenomenological and participatory research on schizophrenia: recovering the person in theory and practice. Journal of Social Issues, 53(4), 767-784.

Davidson, L., Hoge, M. A., Merill, M. E., Rakfeldt, J. & Griffith, E. E. H. (1995). The experiences of long-stay inpatients returning to the community. Psychiatry, 58 (2), 122-132.

Davidson, L. & Strauss, J.S. (1992). Sense of the self in recovery from severe mental illness. British Journal of Medical psychology, 65, 131-145.

Estroff, S. E., Lachicotte, W. S., Illingworth, L. C., & Jonston, A. (1992). (1992). Everybody's got a little mental illness: Accounts of illness and self among persons with severe, persistent, mental illnesses. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 5, 331-69.

Ferlic, D. (1988-89). An investigation of the experience of panic. Review of Existential Psychology and Psychiatry, (1,2,3), 143-152.

Henry, J. (1965) Pathways to madness. New York: Random House..

Johnson, M.E. (1998). Being mentally ill: A phenomenological inquiry. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, XII (4), 195-201.

Johnson, M.E. (1998). Being restrained: A study of power and powerlessness. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 19, 191-206.

Karp, D. A.(1996). Speaking of sadness: Depression, disconnection, and the meaning of illness. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kraus, A. (1994). Phenomenology of the technical delusion in schizophrenics. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology. 25 (1), 51-69.

Lysaker, P., Clements, C., Plascak-Hallberg, C., Knipscheer, S, & Wright, D. (2002). Insights and personal narratives of illness in schizophrenia. Psychiatry, 65, 197-205.

Naudin, J. & Azorin, J. M. (1997). The hallucinatory Epoche'. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 28 (2), 171-195.

Todres, L. (1999). How does Liberating self-insght become tacit understanding?: A phenomenological enquiry: In G. Watson, S. Batcelor,  G.
Claxton & D. Bazier (Eds.). The psychology of Awakening: Buddhism, Science and our day-today lives, Rider.

Welches, P. & Pica, M. (2005). Assessed danger-to-others as a reason for psychiatric hospitalization: An investigation of patients’ perspective. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 36 (1), 45-74.

Williams, C, C. & Collins, A. A. (1989). Defining new frameworks for psychosocial intervention. Psychiatry, 62 (1), 61-78.

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14. Psychotherapy and healing

Angus, L.E. & Rennie, D.L. (1989). Envisioning the representational world: The client's experience of metaphoric expression of psychotherapy. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 26 (3), 372-379.

Fessler, R. (1983). Phenomenology and the talking cure: Research on psychotherapy. In A. Giorgi , A Barton & C. Maes (Eds.). Duquesne Studies in phenomenological psychology, Vol. IV. (pp. 33-46). Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.

Fischer, C. T. (1982). Intimacy in psychological asessment. In M. Fisaher & G. Stricker (Eds.). Intimacy,(pp. 443-460). New York: Plenum.

Fischer, C. T., McElwain, B. & DuBose, T. (2000). Existential psychotherapy (pp. 243-257). In C. R. Snyder & R. E. Ingram (Eds.). Handbook of psychological change: Psychotherapy processes and practices for the 21st century. New York. Wiley.

Krycka,K. (2000). Shamanic practices and the treatment of life-threatening medical conditions. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 32 (1), 69-87.

Rea, B. D. (2001). Finding our balance: The investigation and clinical application of intuition. Journal of Psychotherapy 38, 97-106.

Rennie, D.L. (1994). Storytelling in Psychotherapy: The client's subjective experience. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 31 (2), 234-243.

Todres, L. (2002). Globalization and the complexity of self: The relevance of psychotherapy. Existential Analysis,13(1), 98-105.

Todres, L. (2002). Humanising forces: Phenomenology in Science; Psychotherapy in technological Culture. Indo-Pacific Journal of
Phenomenology, 3, 1-16.

Todres, L. (2000). Writing phenomenological-psychological description: An illustration attempting to balance texture and structure. Auto/biography,
3 (1 & 2), 41-48.

Walsh, R. (1999) .What's in a good moment: A hermeneutic study of psychotherapy values across levels of psychotherapy training. Psychotherapy Research, 9 (3), 304-326.

Walsh, R. (1995) .The study of values in psychotherapy: A critique and call for an alternative method. Psychotherapy Research, 5(4), 313-326.

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15. Personal Experiences

Copen, R. G. (1993). A phenomenological investigation of the experience of insomnia. Humanistic Psychologist, 21 (3), 364-369.

Denne, J. M. & Thompson, N. L. (1991). The experience of transition to meaning and purpose in life. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 22(2), 109-133.

Fischer, C.T. (1971) Toward the structure of privacy. In A. Giorgi, W. F. Fischer & R. von Eckartsberg (Eds.). Duquesne Studies in phenomenological psychology, Vol. I (pp. 149-163) . Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.

Fischer, W. F. (1985). Self-deception: An empirical-phenomenological inquiry into its essential meanings. In A. Giorgi (Ed.) Phenomenology and psychological research. (pp.118-154). Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press

Moncrieff, D. (1989). Aesthetic Consciousness. In: R.S. Valle & S. Halling (Eds.) (1989). Existential-phenomenological perspectives in psychology. (pp. 245-254). New York: Plenum.

Mruk. C. J. (1983). Toward a phenomenology of self-esteem. In A. Giorgi, A. Barton, & C. Maes (Eds.). Duquesne Studies in phenomenological psychology. (pp. 137-149). Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.

Mruk, C.J. (1995). Self-esteem: Research, theory and practice. New York: Springer.

Norris, C. (1990). Stories of Paradise: What is home when we have left it? Phenomenology + Pedagogy. 8, 237-244.

Winning, A. (1990). Homesickness. Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 8, 245-258.

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16. Spirituality and religion

Csordas, T. J. (1994). The sacred self: A cultural phenomenology of charismatic healing. Berkeley: University of California Press.

DeMares, R. & Krycka, K. (1998). Wild-animal triggered peak experience: Transpersonal aspects. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 30(2), 161-177.

Gowack, P. & Valle, V. A. (1998). The experience of feeling grace in voluntary service to the terminally ill. R.S. Valle (Ed) Phenomenological inquiry in psychology: Existential and transpersonal dimensions. (pp. 373-386). New York: Plenum

Maslow,A. (1959). Cognition of being in peak experiences. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 94, 43-66.

Todres, L. (1999). How does liberating self-insight become tacit understanding? A phenomenological enquiry. In G. Watson, S. Batchelor, and
G. Claxton (Eds.). The psychology of awakening: Budddism, Science and our day-to-day lives (pp. 177-186). London: Rider

Underhill, E. (1920). The essentials of mysticism and other essays. New York: Dutton

West, T. (1998). On the encounter with a divine presence during a near-death experience. A Phenomenological inquiry. R.S. Valle (Ed) Phenomenological inquiry in psychology: Existential and transpersonal dimensions. (pp. 387-406) New York: Plenum.

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Egendorf, A. (1985) Healing from the war: Trauma and transformation after Vietnam. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Fischer, C.T. and Wertz, F.J. (1979) Empirical phenomenological analysis of being criminally victimized. In A. Giorgi, R. Knowles, & D. L. Smith (Eds.). Duquesne Studies in phenomenological psychology, Vol. III (pp.135-158). Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.

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